Fruits and vegetables contain a vast array of chemical compounds, and some of these "phytonutrients" have been associated with specific benefits for human health (see table below). Our program aims to increase the concentration of compounds shown to benefit human health in common foods.

Our nutraceutical research has worked in collaboration with the Hormel Institute in Austin, Minn.; the Mayo Clinic, and the University of Minnesota Masonic Cancer Center in Minneapolis.

Food Phytonutrient Human Disease or Health Attribute Affected
Apple (skin), blueberry, cranberry, red grapeQuercetinProstatitis, heart disease, antihistamine (asthma, hives), interstitial cystitis, diabetes, herpes, flu, cancer (oral, leukemia)
Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, turnip, other cruciferous vegetablesGlucosinolatesCancer (prostate, esophogeal, colorectal, breast)
CarrotBeta-CaroteneGallstones, liver dysfunction, photosensitivity, eases chemotherapy toxicity, cataracts, macular degeneration, immune system
Cranberry, red grapeMyricetinProstate cancer, cholesterol, alzheimers, diabetes
Dark chocolate (in moderation!)CatechinCancer, cholesterol, blood pressure
Grape (red), peanutResveratrolAnti-inflammatory, anti-mutagen, anti-aging, heart disease, cancer
TomatoLycopeneCancer (Prostate, lung, bladder, cervix, skin), macular degeneration
Walnutω-3 fatty acidsHeart disease
Ginger[6]-gingerolCancer (skin, colorectal, pancreatic, ovarian), nausea, cholesterol, anti-inflammatory
TurmericCurcuminAlzheimer's disease

*this list is neither all-inclusive nor conclusive

Horticultural Science